Hyperessive Case (HSV)

-[a]valla

The hyperessive is the exaggerated counterpart of the inessive case. It denotes an area deep within the root. It can typically be translated into English as deep inside or deep in. It can only be used to refer to physical locations inside of things.

When referring to things which are deep inside of other things, you don’t necessarily always need to use the hyperessive. If the fact that it’s not just inside, but deep inside is not important, then the hyperessive needn’t necessarily be used.

vuohovalla
vuohoavalla
caveHSV
deep inside the cave
(Lit: cavedeepin)
vuohovalla

kirivalla
kiriavalla
treeHSV
deep inside the tree
(Lit: treedeepin)
kirivalla

sjeivavalla
sjeivaavalla
skyHSV
deep into the sky
(Lit: skydeepin)
sjeivavalla

Verbal Derivation Implication

When a hyperessive noun is derived into an action verb, it implies a verb of motion that results in the subject being deep inside of the root of the verb. This can be conceptually translated into English as go deep into. The manner of entry/movement is either left unmentioned or clarified with adverbs or additional clauses (usually the former).

When verbed, the hyperessive and the hyperlative cases are identical in purpose/function. Potayto/potahto, y’know? This is true when speaking of both active and stative derived verbs.

Seivuohovallanen.
seivuohoavallainen
1NOMcaveHSVdo.PAST.PLAIN
I [went] deep into the cave.
(Lit: Icavedeepintoed)
Sei’vuohovallanen.

Jeijjonguovallanen mirisijal.
jeijjonguoavallainen miriisijal
4NOMChinaHSVdo.PAST.PLAIN catGEN1COM
Someone [went] deep into China with my cat.
(Lit: SomeoneChinadeepintoed catmywith.
Jei’jjonguovallanen mirisijal.

And as usual, when a hyperessive noun is derived into a stative verb, it is copulaic/existential.

Halavuohovallamin.
hala-‘-vuohoavallaimin
creatureNOMcaveHSVis.PRES.PLAIN
The creature is deep within the cave.
(Lit: Creaturecavedeepinis.)
Hala’vuohovallamin.

Page Published March 27, 2017
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