Hyper-Elative Case (HELA)

-[a]latta

The hyper-elative case expresses motion out from deep inside of the root.

huolatta
huoalatta
houseHELA
out from deep inside the house
(Lit: Houseoutfromdeepwithin)
huolatta

kirilatta
kirialatta
treeHELA
out from deep inside the tree
(Lit: Treeoutfromdeepwithin)
kirilatta

sjeivalatta
sjeivaalatta
skyHELA
out from deep within the sky
(Lit: Skyoutfromdeepwithin)
sjeivalatta

Verbal Derivation Implication

When a hyper-elative noun is derived into an action verb, it implies a verb of motion that results in the subject being outside of the root of the verb from somewhere deep inside of the root of the verb. This can be conceptually translated into English as emerge from or come out of from deep within. The manner of entry/movement is either left unmentioned or clarified with adverbs or additional clauses.

Seihuolattanen.
seihuoalattainen
1NOMhouseHELAdo.PST.PLN
I [emerged] from deep within the house.
(Lit: Ihouseoutfromdeepwithined)
Sei’huolattanen.

Tilukirilattanen gloško.
tilukirialattainen gloeško
birdNOMtreeHELAdo.PST.PLN wingPROL
The bird [[flew]] out from deep within the tree.
(Lit: birdtreeoutfromdeepwithined wingbywayof)
Tilu’kirilattanen gloško.

Šinømirilattanenihin.
šinømirialattainenihin
arrowNOMcatHELAdo.PST.PLNdo.PRS.PLN
The arrow has [exited] from deep within the cat.
The arrow has been [removed] from deep within the cat.
(Lit: arrowcatoutfromdeepwithinedhas)
Šinø’mirilattanenihin.

When a hyper-elative noun is derived into a stative verb, it essentially becomes copulaic and thus means is now outside of, but with the added connotation of having been deep inside prior.

Seihuolattamin.
seihuoalattaimin
1NOMhouseHELAis.PRS.PLN
I am now outside of the house (but I was deep inside the house before).
(Lit: Ihouseoutfromdeepwithinam)
Sei’huolattamin.

Tilukirilattamen.
tilukirialattaimin
birdNOMtreeHELAis.PST.PLN
The bird was then outside of the tree (but it was deep inside the tree before).
(Lit: birdtreeoutfromdeepwithinwas)
Tilu’kirilatimen.

Šinømirilattamar.
šinømirialattaamar
arrowNOMcatHELAis.FUT.PLN
The arrow will be outside of the cat (but it’s currently deep within the cat).
(Lit: arrowcatoutfromdeepwithinwillbe)
Šinø’mirilattamar.

PAGE PUBLISHED ON JUNE 13, 2017
Page Last Updated on June 14, 2017
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