Noun Case > Locative Internal > Comprehensive Case (CMP)
As opposed to the inessive case, which expresses a location within a place, the comprehensive case expresses a permutation throughout a place. It can typically be conceptualized in English as throughout or among.
The comprehensive case ending is -adal.
throughout the house
throughout the sky
throughout the body
throughout the book
among the books
Verbal Derivation Implication
When a comprehensive noun is derived into an action verb, it implies a verb of motion throughout the root. The manner of movement is either left to context or elaborated with additional words or clauses.
The dog [ran] throughout the house.
The dog [ran] all over the house.
The cloud [is moving [spreading]] throughout the sky.
Blood [courses] throughout the body.
The word ‘cattle’ [permeates] the book.
When a comprehensive noun is derived into a stative verb, it is copulaic, and essentially means is spread/strewn/scattered throughout. When said of singular subjects, it suggests that the subject is broken or fragmented, and that its pieces are strewn. When said of plural subjects, it suggests that the individual units of the plural are strewn. Remember that plurality is often left to context, and is generally only explicitly included when doing otherwise would be too ambiguous. What constitutes “too ambiguous” is at the speaker’s discretion.
The [dismembered] dog was [strewn] throughout the house.
The cloud is [scattered] throughout the sky.
Blood is [strewn] throughout the bodies.
The word ‘cattle’ is [strewn] throughout the book.
Many tombstones are [scattered] throughout the graveyard.
The tombstone is [scattered] throughout the graveyard.